在Debian/Ubuntu上使用rclone挂载OneDrive网盘

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所属分类:Linux

说明

本教程只适用Debian/Ubuntu系统,如果你是CentOS或者其它Linux系统,请使用以下命令安装rclone

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash

客户端授权、初始化配置和挂载方法和下面一样,开机自启可参考该教程→传送门

客户端授权

在本地Windows电脑上下载rclone,下载地址:https://rclone.org/downloads/。然后解压出来,比如我解压到D盘,文件夹命名rclone,此时点击Win+R,然后输入cmd,确定。再输入以下命令:

cd /d d:\rclone
rclone authorize "onedrive"

会出现以下信息:

```
C:\Users\Administrator>cd /d d:\rclone

d:\rclone>rclone authorize "onedrive"
2018/01/23 20:28:56 NOTICE: Config file "C:\Users\Administrator\.config\rclo
ne\rclone.conf" not found - using defaults
Choose OneDrive account type?
* Say b for a OneDrive business account
* Say p for a personal OneDrive account
b) Business
p) Personal
b/p> p #这里选择个人版,你想挂载Business就选择b
If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: http://127.
0.0.1:53682/auth #接下来会弹出浏览器,要求你登录账号进行授权
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Waiting for code...
Got code
Paste the following into your remote machine --->
{"access_token":"xxxx"} #请复制{xx}整个内容,后面需要用到
<---End paste

```

安装rclone

本教程只适用Debian/Ubuntu系统,如果你是CentOS,请参考:https://rclone.org/install/,安装rclone。挂载方法和下面差不多。

1、安装rclone

```
wget https://www.moerats.com/usr/shell/rclone_debian.sh && bash rclone_debian.sh

```

2、初始化配置

rclone config

会出现以下信息:

```
n) New remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
n/s/q> n
name> Rats #随便填,后面要用到
Type of storage to configure.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
1 / Amazon Drive
\ "amazon cloud drive"
2 / Amazon S3 (also Dreamhost, Ceph, Minio)
\ "s3"
3 / Backblaze B2
\ "b2"
4 / Box
\ "box"
5 / Cache a remote
\ "cache"
6 / Dropbox
\ "dropbox"
7 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
\ "crypt"
8 / FTP Connection
\ "ftp"
9 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
\ "google cloud storage"
10 / Google Drive
\ "drive"
11 / Hubic
\ "hubic"
12 / Local Disk
\ "local"
13 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
\ "azureblob"
14 / Microsoft OneDrive
\ "onedrive"
15 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
\ "swift"
16 / Pcloud
\ "pcloud"
17 / QingCloud Object Storage
\ "qingstor"
18 / SSH/SFTP Connection
\ "sftp"
19 / Webdav
\ "webdav"
20 / Yandex Disk
\ "yandex"
21 / http Connection
\ "http"
Storage> 14 #选择14,Microsoft OneDrive
Microsoft App Client Id - leave blank normally.
client_id> #留空
Microsoft App Client Secret - leave blank normally.
client_secret> #留空
Remote config
Choose OneDrive account type?
* Say b for a OneDrive business account
* Say p for a personal OneDrive account
b) Business
p) Personal
b/p> p #这里选择个人版,你想挂载Business就选择b
Use auto config?
* Say Y if not sure
* Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n #选择n
For this to work, you will need rclone available on a machine that has a web browser available.
Execute the following on your machine:
rclone authorize "onedrive"
Then paste the result below:
result> {"access_token":""} #输入之前在客户端授权的内容


[Rats]
client_id =
client_secret =
token = {"access_token":""}


y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y 选择y
Current remotes:

Name Type
==== ====
Rats onedrive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q #选择q退出

```

挂载

1、挂载为磁盘

```

新建本地文件夹,路径自己定,即下面的LocalFolder

mkdir /root/OneDrive

挂载为磁盘,下面的DriveName、Folder、LocalFolder参数根据说明自行替换

rclone mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000
```

DriveName为初始化配置填的nameFolderOneDrive里的文件夹,LocalFolderVPS上的本地文件夹。

如果挂载过程中出现NOTICE: One drive root 'test': poll-interval is not supported by this remote错误,可以无视该错误。

挂载成功后,输入df -h命令查看即可!
请输入图片描述

2、卸载磁盘

```
fusermount -qzu LocalFolder

```

开机自启

先新建systemd配置文件,适用CentOS 7Debian 8+Ubuntu 16+

再使用命令:

```

将后面修改成你上面手动运行命令中,除了rclone的全部参数

command="mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000"

以下是一整条命令,一起复制到SSH客户端运行

cat > /etc/systemd/system/rclone.service <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Rclone
After=network-online.target

[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStart=$(command -v rclone) ${command}
Restart=on-abort
User=root

[Install]
WantedBy=default.target
EOF

```

开始启动:

```
systemctl start rclone

```

设置开机自启:

```
systemctl enable rclone

```

其他命令:

重启:systemctl restart rclone
停止:systemctl stop rclone
状态:systemctl status rclone

如果你想挂载多个网盘,那么将systemd配置文件的rclone.service改成rclone1.service即可,重启动什么的同样换成rclone1

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