在Debian/Ubuntu上使用rclone挂载Google Drive网盘

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所属分类:Linux

说明

本教程只适用Debian/Ubuntu系统,如果你是CentOS或者其它Linux系统,请使用以下命令安装rclone

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash

初始化配置和挂载方法和下面一样,开机自启可参考该教程→传送门

安装

1、安装rclone

```
wget https://www.moerats.com/usr/shell/rclone_debian.sh && bash rclone_debian.sh

```

2、初始化配置

rclone config

会出现以下信息:

```
n) New remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
n/s/q> n
name> Rats #配置名称,随便填
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
1 / 1Fichier
\ "fichier"
2 / Alias for an existing remote
\ "alias"
3 / Amazon Drive
\ "amazon cloud drive"
4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Provider (AWS, Alibaba, Ceph, Digital Ocean, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio, etc)
\ "s3"
5 / Backblaze B2
\ "b2"
6 / Box
\ "box"
7 / Cache a remote
\ "cache"
8 / Dropbox
\ "dropbox"
9 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
\ "crypt"
10 / FTP Connection
\ "ftp"
11 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
\ "google cloud storage"
12 / Google Drive
\ "drive"
13 / Google Photos
\ "google photos"
14 / Hubic
\ "hubic"
15 / JottaCloud
\ "jottacloud"
16 / Koofr
\ "koofr"
17 / Local Disk
\ "local"
18 / Mega
\ "mega"
19 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
\ "azureblob"
20 / Microsoft OneDrive
\ "onedrive"
21 / OpenDrive
\ "opendrive"
22 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
\ "swift"
23 / Pcloud
\ "pcloud"
24 / Put.io
\ "putio"
25 / QingCloud Object Storage
\ "qingstor"
26 / SSH/SFTP Connection
\ "sftp"
27 / Union merges the contents of several remotes
\ "union"
28 / Webdav
\ "webdav"
29 / Yandex Disk
\ "yandex"
30 / http Connection
\ "http"
31 / premiumize.me
\ "premiumizeme"
Storage> 12 #选择12,Google Drive
Google Application Client Id - leave blank normally.
client_id> #留空
Google Application Client Secret - leave blank normally.
client_secret> #留空
Service Account Credentials JSON file path - needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.
service_account_file> #留空
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
1 / Full access all files, excluding Application Data Folder.
\ "drive"
2 / Read-only access to file metadata and file contents.
\ "drive.readonly"
/ Access to files created by rclone only.
3 | These are visible in the drive website.
| File authorization is revoked when the user deauthorizes the app.
\ "drive.file"
/ Allows read and write access to the Application Data folder.
4 | This is not visible in the drive website.
\ "drive.appfolder"
/ Allows read-only access to file metadata but
5 | does not allow any access to read or download file content.
\ "drive.metadata.readonly"
scope> 1
ID of the root folder
Leave blank normally.
Fill in to access "Computers" folders. (see docs).
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
root_folder_id>
Service Account Credentials JSON file path
Leave blank normally.
Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
service_account_file>
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n #输入n
Remote config
Use auto config?
* Say Y if not sure
* Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n #输入n
If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: https://accounts.google.com/o/ #打开该地址获取code
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Enter verification code>hjdd #输入你获取到的code
Configure this as a team drive?
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> n #输入n


[Rats]
type = drive
client_id = 85042871
client_secret = D72gPc
scope = drive
token = {"access_token":"y902Z"}


y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y #输入y
Current remotes:

Name Type
==== ====
Rats drive

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q #输入q保存退出

```

3、挂载为磁盘

```

新建本地文件夹,路径自己定,即下面的LocalFolder

mkdir /root/GoogleDrive

挂载为磁盘,下面的DriveName、Folder、LocalFolder参数根据说明自行替换

rclone mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000
```

DriveName为初始化配置填的nameFolderGoogle Drive里的文件夹,LocalFolderVPS上的本地文件夹。

挂载成功后,输入df -h命令查看即可!
请输入图片描述
4、卸载磁盘

```
fusermount -qzu LocalFolder

```

开机自启

先新建systemd配置文件,适用CentOS 7Debian 8+Ubuntu 16+

再使用命令:

```

将后面修改成你上面手动运行命令中,除了rclone的全部参数

command="mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000"

以下是一整条命令,一起复制到SSH客户端运行

cat > /etc/systemd/system/rclone.service <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Rclone
After=network-online.target

[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStart=$(command -v rclone) ${command}
Restart=on-abort
User=root

[Install]
WantedBy=default.target
EOF

```

开始启动:

```
systemctl start rclone

```

设置开机自启:

```
systemctl enable rclone

```

其他命令:

重启:systemctl restart rclone
停止:systemctl stop rclone
状态:systemctl status rclone

如果你想挂载多个网盘,那么将systemd配置文件的rclone.service改成rclone1.service即可,重启动什么的同样换成rclone1

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